Descartes, Bacon and Modern Philosophy, Professor Jeffrey Tlumak
  • $7.56
    • Facebook Share
    • Twitter Share
    • Pinterest Share

Details

Descartes, Bacon and Modern Philosophy

Author: Professor Jeffrey Tlumak

Series: The World of Philosophy Series

Narrator: Lynn Redgrave

Unabridged: 2 hr

Format: Digital Audiobook

Publisher: Blackstone Audiobooks

Published: 01/08/2006

Genre: Philosophy - Religious

Synopsis

Rene' Descartes (15961650), the father of modern rationalism, abandoned traditional paths to knowledge and developed a new method of seeking truth. Descartes doubted everything to eliminate preconceptions, and to test all candidates for true knowledge but he discovered he could not doubt his own existence as a conscious being. Through rigorous selfexamination, he offered an account of the nature and reality of mind, body, God, and their interconnections. He aimed to affirm human individuality, freedom, and spirituality in a way that was consistent with his revolutionary, unified, mathematical approach to science. Descartes argued that philosophies based on sense experience are unreliable; he said that the human soul and God can and must be known before we know anything about the physical world. He noted that our capacity for error results from the gift of free will but he argued that by using his method for seeking knowledge we can infallibly know the timeless nature of things. Descartes said that humans are not merely physical beings; each of us is a composite, in which an unthinking, spatially extended, physical body is combined with a free, conscious, nonspatial mind or soul (which is the true self). The body and soul intimately interact, yet each can exist separately so it's metaphysically possible that the soul may survive the death of the body. Francis Bacon (15611626) pioneered the other major earlymodern philosophical method known as empiricism; unlike Descartes, Bacon based all genuine knowledge on sense experience. He said the growth of knowledge is inhibited by faulty assumptions, habits of mind and methods of investigation, and he developed experimental procedures to enable otherwise limited human minds to interpret nature correctly.

Recommended

Kierkegaard in 90 Minutes
by Paul Strathern

Kierkegaard wasnt really a philosopher in the academic sense. Yet he produced what many people expect of philosophy. He didnt write about the world, he wrote about life, about how we live and how we choose to live. His subject was the individual and...

Narrator: Robert Whitfield
Published: 06/25/2005

Soren Kierkegaard
by Professor George Connell

For Kierkegaard, truth is a subjective reality which we must live, not simply something to consider and discuss. His selfconsciousness and selfexamination highlight the practical demands of existence, and he opposes the speculative thinking of philo...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 03/02/2006

Baruch Spinoza
by Professor Thomas Cook

A Portuguese Jew living in Holland, Spinoza sought a life of "supreme and unending happiness". Unable to find deep satisfaction in the usual pleasures of social life, politics or business (or in riches, fame, or sensual pleasure), Spinoza sought a m...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 04/24/2006

Immanuel Kant
by Professor A.J. Mandt

Before Kant, philosophers had debated for centuries whether knowledge is derived from experience or reason. Kant says that both views are partly right and partly wrong, that they share the same error; both believe that the mind and the world, reason...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 01/23/2006

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
by Professor John E. Smith

Hegel created a vast speculative and idealistic philosophy, where truth is found not in the part but in the whole. Nature is an organic whole shot through with rationality akin to the reason in ourselves. Hegel's famous "dialectic" is an organic pr...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 01/18/2006

David Hume
by Professor Nicholas Capaldi

David Hume sought to create a comprehensive "science of man" in order to understand human nature and human actions. He saw a constant social and political tension between liberty and authority, and he developed extensive political and economic theor...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 01/05/2006

St. Thomas Aquinas
by Kenneth L. Schmitz

In the late 13th century, this quiet reflective Dominican scholar concentrated his work on philosophical concerns that today would be considered to be partly theological. He combined the work of Aristotle with Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and pagan th...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 03/05/2006

Friedrich Nietzsche
by Professor Richard Schacht

Nietzsche condemned nearly all of the religious and philosophical thought of his day to blunt terms (e.g., God is dead). He says the only reality is this world of life and death, conflict and change, creation and destruction. For centuries, religiou...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 01/16/2006

St. Augustine
by Professor Robert O'Connell

Aurelius Augustinus was a key figure in the transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages. He lived at a time when no distinction was made between philosophy and theology, and the purpose of both was to show the way to wisdom, happiness, an...

Narrator: Charlton Heston
Published: 03/04/2006
{"id":"100813","ean":"9781433238840","abr":"Unabridged","title":"Descartes, Bacon and Modern Philosophy","subtitle":"","author":"Professor Jeffrey Tlumak","rating_average":"0","narrator":"Lynn Redgrave","ubr_id":"100813","abr_id":"0","ubr_price":"11.95","abr_price":"0.00","ubr_memprice":"7.77","abr_memprice":"0.00","ubr_narrator":"Lynn Redgrave","abr_narrator":"","ubr_length":"Unabridged: 2 hr","abr_length":"Abridged: "}